L’Unione Europea ha 27 paesi membri. I paesi membri dell’euro, 17 e così via.
Esiste dunque un Europa a geometria variabile.
L’Europa ” militare” per così dire, è rappresentata dalla NATO che include anche gli Stati Uniti .
L’aver dato il premio Nobel alla Unione Europea mentre quasi tutti gli Stati che la compongono hanno dei corpi di spedizione ( tranne la Spagna ) inviati a guerreggiare – ma non la chiamano guerra – da qualche parte, equivale a dare il premio per l’eleganza a una ballerina di Strip-tease che passa la maggior parte del tempo nuda.
In questo tempio dell'ipocrisia c'è di tutto, tranne gente priva di sangue sulle proprie mani.
In coda, troverete l'elenco dei laureati col Nobel tranne Henry Dunant che fu il primo , ma che il "mio copia e incolla" si è ostinatamente rifiutato di accettare…
Noto, pur non essendo un fan del Vaticano o della Confederazione Svizzera ( che non partecipa a una guerra da cinquecento anni) che la Chiesa Cattolica nelle persone di almeno uno dei Papi, avrebbero potuto essere premiati o almeno ragionevolmente candidati.
Hanno premiato il Dalai Lama .
Hanno premiato noti assassini come Begin e Saadat e persino l'unico italiano premiato – Francesco Moneta da Sanremo – era stato un volontario garibaldino. (Ci sono morti anche nelle ottime cause…)
Mah, divertitevi con l'elenco ( ci sono quattro presidenti USA, tra cui Teodoro Roosevelt!!!) e cominciamo a considerare questo premio come la valvola di sfogo della cultura protestante nel mondo, dato che , poverini, non hanno l'istituto della confessione come i cattolici e trovano che gli psicologi siano troppo costosi.
Non gli resta che l'ipocrisia.
2 1901 Frédéric Passy France Yes 50 Ind. FR M Founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva; Initiator of the Geneva Convention and founder and President of the first French peace society (since 1889 it has been called the Société Francaise pour l'arbitrage entre nations).
3 1902 Élie Ducommun Switzerland Yes 50 Ind. CH M Honorary Secretary of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, Berne
4 1902 Charles Albert Gobat Switzerland Yes 50 Ind. CH M Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, Berne
5 1903 Sir William Randal Cremer UK No 100 Ind. GB M Member of the British Parliament. Secretary of the International Arbitration League .
6 1904 Institute Of International Law Belgium No 100 Inst BE A scientific society.
7 1905 Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita Von Suttner Austria-Hungary (now Czech Republic) No 100 Ind. CZ F Writer. Hon. President of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, Berne. Author of Die Waffen Nieder (Lay Down Your Arms).
8 1906 Theodore Roosevelt USA No 100 Ind. US M President of the United States of America. Drew up the 1905 peace treaty between Russia and Japan.
9 1907 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta Italy Yes 50 Ind. IT M President of the Lombard League of Peace
10 1907 Louis Renault France Yes 50 Ind. FR M Professor International Law, Sorbonne University, Paris
11 1908 Klas Pontus Arnoldson Sweden Yes 50 Ind. SE M Former Member of the Swedish Parliament. Founder of the Swedish Peace and Arbitration League
12 1908 Fredrik Bajer Denmark Yes 50 Ind. DK M Honorary President of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, Berne
13 1909 Auguste Marie François Beernaert Belgium Yes 50 Ind. BE M Former Prime Minister and member of the Cour Internationale d'Arbitrage (International Court of Arbitration) at the Hague
14 1909 Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d'Estournelles de Constant, Baron de Constant de Rebecque France Yes 50 Ind. FR M Member of the French Parliament. Founder and President of the French parliamentary group for international arbitration, founder of the Committee for the Defense of National Interests and International Conciliation
15 1910 Permanent International Peace Bureau Switzerland No 100 Inst CH
16 1911 Tobias Michael Carel Asser Netherlands Yes 50 Ind. NL M Initiator of the International Conferences of Private Law at the Hague
17 1911 Alfred Hermann Fried Austria Yes 50 Ind. AT M Founder of the peace journal Die Waffen Nieder (later renamed Die Friedenswarte)
18 1912 Elihu Root USA No 100 Ind. US M Former Secretary of State. Initiator of several arbitration agreements.
19 1913 Henri La Fontaine Belgium No 100 Ind. BE M Member of the Belgian Parliament. President of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, Berne.
20 1914 No Award –
21 1915 No Award –
22 1916 No Award –
23 1917 International Committee Of The Red Cross Switzerland No 100 Inst CH
24 1918 No Award –
25 1919 Thomas Woodrow Wilson USA No 100 Ind. US M Founder of the League of Nations
26 1920 Leon Victor Auguste Bourgeois France No 100 Inst FR Former Secretary of State. President of the Parliament. President of the Council of the League of Nations
27 1921 Karl Hjalmar Branting Sweden Yes 50 Ind. SE M Prime Minister; Swedish Delegate, Council of the League of Nations
28 1921 Christian Lous Lange Belgium Yes 50 Ind. BE M Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union
29 1922 Fridtjof Nansen Norway No 100 Ind. NO M Scientist. Explorer. Norwegian Delegate to Societe des Nations (League of Nations). Originator of the Nansen passports (for refugees).
30 1923 No Award –
31 1924 No Award –
32 1925 Sir Austen Chamberlain UK Yes 50 Ind. GB M Negotiator of the Locarno Treaty and chairman of the Allied Reparation Commission
33 1925 Charles Gates Dawes USA Yes 50 Ind. US M Originator of the Dawes Plan
34 1926 Aristide Briand France Yes 50 Ind. FR M Negotiator of the Locarno Treaty and the Briand-Kellogg Pact.
35 1926 Gustav Stresemann Germany Yes 50 Ind. DE M Former Lord High Chancellor (Reichs-kanzler); Foreign Minister; Part-originator of Locarno Pact
36 1927 Ferdinand Buisson France Yes 50 Ind. FR M Founder and President of the Ligue des Droits de l'Homme (League for Human Rights)
37 1927 Ludwig Quidde Germany Yes 50 Ind. DE M Member of Germany's constituent assembly 1919. Delegate to numerous peace conferences
38 1928 No Award –
39 1929 Frank Billings Kellogg USA No 100 Ind. US M
40 1930 Lars Olof Nathan (Jonathan) Soderblom Sweden No 100 Ind. SE M Leader of the ecumenical movement.
41 1931 Jane Addams USA Yes 50 Ind. US F Sociologist; International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
42 1931 Nicholas Murray Butler USA Yes 50 Ind. US M Promoter of the Briand-Kellogg Pact.
43 1932 No Award –
44 1933 Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane) UK No 100 Ind. GB M Member of the Executive Committee of the League of Nations and the National Peace Council. Author of the book The Great Illusion, among others.
45 1934 Arthur Henderson UK No 100 Ind. GB M Chairman of the League of Nations Disarmament Conference 1932-1934.
46 1935 Carl Von Ossietzky Germany No 100 Ind. DE M Journalist (with Die Die Weltbühne, among others), pacifist.
47 1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas Argentina No 100 Ind. AR M Meditator in a conflict between Paraguay and Bolivia in 1935.
48 1937 Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne UK No 100 Ind. GB M Writer, Former Lord Privy Seal. Founder and President of the International Peace Campaign.
49 1938 Nansen International Office For Refugees Switzerland No 100 Inst CH International relief organization in Geneva started by Fridtjof Nansen in 1921.
50 1939 No Award –
51 1940 No Award –
52 1941 No Award –
53 1942 No Award –
54 1943 No Award –
55 1944 International Committee Of The Red Cross Switzerland No 100 Inst CH
56 1945 Cordell Hull USA No 100 Ind. US M One of the initiators of the United Nations.
57 1946 Emily Greene Balch USA Yes 50 Ind. US F Honorary International President Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
58 1946 John Raleigh Mott USA Yes 50 Ind. US M Chairman of the first International Missionary Council, President of the World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations
59 1947 Friends Service Council (Quakers) UK Yes 50 Inst GB
60 1947 Amer. Friends Service Cttee (Quakers) USA Yes 50 Inst US
61 1948 No Award –
62 1949 Lord John Boyd Orr Of Brechin UK No 100 Ind. GB M Physician, Alimentary Politician, prominent organizer and Director General Food and Agricultural Organization, President National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations.
63 1950 Ralph Bunche USA No 100 Ind. US M Professor Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, Director of the UN Division of Trusteeship, Acting Mediator in Palestine 1948.
64 1951 Leon Jouhaux France No 100 Ind. FR M France, President of the trade union C.G.T. President of the International Committee of the European Council, Vice President of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, Vice President of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the UN.
65 1952 Albert Schweitzer USA No 100 Ind. US M Missionary surgeon, Founder Lambaréné Hospital in Republique du Gabon.
66 1953 George Catlett Marshall USA No 100 Ind. US M General, President American Red Cross, ex-Secretary of State and of Defense, Delegate to the U.N., Originator of the Marshall Plan.
67 1954 Office Of The United Nations High Commissioner For Refugees Geneva Switzerland No 100 Inst CH an international relief organization, founded by U.N. in 1951.
68 1955 No Award No 100
69 1956 No Award No 100
70 1957 Lester Bowles Pearson Canada No 100 Ind. CA M former Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada, President 7th Session of the United Nations General Assembly .
71 1958 Georges Henri Pire Belgium No 100 Ind. BE M Belgium, Father of the Dominican Order, Leader of the relief organization for refugees, l'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde.
72 1959 Philip J. Noel-Baker UK No 100 Ind. GB M Great Britain, Member of Parliament, life long ardent worker for international peace and co-operation .
73 1960 Albert John Lutuli South Africa No 100 Ind. ZA M President of the South Africal liberation movement, the African National Congress.
74 1961 Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjold Sweden No 100 Ind. SE M Secretary General of the United Nations (awarded the Prize posthumously).
75 1962 Linus Carl Pauling USA No 100 Ind. US M Campaigner especially for an end to nuclear weapons tests.
76 1963 International Committee Of The Red Cross Switzerland No 100 Inst CH
77 1964 Martin Luther King Jr. USA Yes 100 Ind. US M leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, campaigner for civil rights.
78 1964 League Of Red Cross Societies Switzerland Yes 100 Inst CH
79 1965 United Nations Children's Fund (Unicef) USA No 100 Inst US An international aid organization.
80 1966 No Award No 100 –
81 1967 No Award No 100 –
82 1968 Rene Cassin France No 100 Ind. FR M President of the European Court for Human Rights .
83 1969 International Labour Organization (ILO) Switzerland No 100 Inst CH
84 1970 Norman Borlaug USA No 100 Ind. US M Led research at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Mexico City.
85 1971 Willy Brandt Germany No 100 Ind. DE M Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. Initiator of West Germany's Ostpolitik, embodying a new attitude towards Eastern Europe and East Germany.
86 1972 No Award No 100
87 1973 Henry A. Kissinger USA Yes 50 Ind. US M for jointly negotiating the Vietnam peace accord in 1973.
88 1973 Le Duc Tho (Declined prize.) Viet nam Yes 50 Ind. VN M
89 1974 Sean Macbride Ireland Yes 50 Ind. IE M President of the International Peace Bureau; President of the Commission of Namibia
90 1974 Eisaku Sato Japan Yes 50 Ind. JP M Prime Minister of Japan
91 1975 Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov USSR No 100 Ind. M Soviet nuclear physicist. Campaigner for human rights.
92 1976 Betty Williams UK Yes 50 Ind. GB F Founders of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People).
93 1976 Mairead Corrigan UK Yes 50 Ind. GB F Founders of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People).
94 1977 Amnesty International UK No 100 Inst GB A worldwide organization for the protection of the rights of prisoners of conscience.
95 1978 Menachem Begin Israel Yes 50 Ind. IL M For jointly negotiating peace between Egypt and Israel.
96 1978 Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat Egypt Yes 50 Ind. EG M For jointly negotiating peace between Egypt and Israel.
97 1979 Mother Teresa India No 100 Ind. IN F Leader of the Order of the Missionaries of Charity.
98 1980 Adolfo Perez Esquivel Argentina No 100 Ind. AR M Argentina, architect, sculptor and human rights leader.
99 1981 Office Of The United Nations High Commissioner For Refugees Switzerland No 100 Inst CH
100 1982 Alva Myrdal Sweden Yes 50 Ind. SE F Former Cabinet Minister, diplomat, delegate to United Nations General Assembly on Disarmament
101 1982 Alfonso Garcia Robles Mexico Yes 50 Ind. MX M Writer and diplomat, delegate to the United Nations General Assembly on Disarmament, former Secretary for Foreign Affairs
102 1983 Lech Walesa Poland No 100 Ind. PL M Poland. Founder of Solidarity, campaigner for human rights.
103 1984 Desmond Mpilo Tutu South Africa No 100 Ind. ZA M South Africa, Bishop of Johannesburg, former Secretary General South African Council of Churches (S.A.C.C.). For his work against apartheid.
104 1985 International Physicians For The Prevention Of Nuclear War USA No 100 Inst US Dedicated to mobilizing the influence of the medical profession against the threat of nuclear weapons.
105 1986 Elie Wiesel USA No 100 Ind. US M U.S.A., Chairman of 'The President's Commission on the Holocaust'. Author, humanitarian.
106 1987 Oscar Arias Sánchez Costa Rica No 100 Ind. CR M Costa Rica, President of Costa Rica, for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala in 1987
107 1988 The United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces USA No 100 Inst US For maintaining and re-establishing peace in areas of armed conflict.
108 1989 The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) Tibet No 100 Ind. M Tibet. Religious and political leader of the Tibetan people.
109 1990 Mikhail Gorbachev USSR No 100 Ind. M President of the USSR for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community
110 1991 Aung San Suu Kyi Burma No 100 Ind. MM F Oppositional leader, human rights advocate.
111 1992 Rigoberta Menchú Tum Guatemala No 100 Ind. GT F in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples
112 1993 Frederik Willem De Klerk South Africa Yes 50 Ind. ZA M for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa
113 1993 Nelson Mandela South Africa Yes 50 Ind. ZA M for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa
114 1994 Yasser Arafat Pal Occ Terr Yes 33.333 Ind. PS M for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East.
115 1994 Shimon Peres Israel Yes 33.333 Ind. IL M for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East.
116 1994 Yitzhak Rabin Israel Yes 33.333 Ind. IL M for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East.
117 1995 Joseph Rotblat UK Yes 50 Ind. GB M for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and in the longer run to eliminate such arms.
118 1995 The Pugwash Conferences On Science And World Affairs Canada Yes 50 Inst CA for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and in the longer run to eliminate such arms.
119 1996 Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo East Timor Yes 50 Ind. TL M for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor.
120 1996 José Ramos-Horta East Timor Yes 50 Ind. TL M for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor.
121 1997 Jody Williams USA Yes 50 Ind. US F for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines.
122 1997 International Campaign To Ban Landmines USA Yes 50 Inst US for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines.
123 1998 John Hume UK Yes 50 Ind. GB M for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland.
124 1998 David Trimble UK Yes 50 Ind. GB M for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland.
125 1999 Médecins Sans Frontières France No 100 Inst FR in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents
126 2000 Kim Dae-jung South Korea No 100 Ind. KR M for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular.
127 2001 Kofi Annan Ghana Yes 50 Ind. GH M For their work for a better organized and more peaceful world
128 2001 United Nations USA Yes 50 Inst US For their work for a better organized and more peaceful world
129 2002 Jimmy Carter USA No 100 Ind. US M former President of the United States of America, for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development